centres. The banking sector is recommended to recruit specialized personnel for the job with latest technology to deal in the market. Arriving on the global scenario subjects corporations to diversified revenue streams in various geographies, thus leading to invoicing in global currencies such as USD, GBP and EUR among others. Role of Banks: If we examine the role of PSU banks in FX risk management, we observe that although India has witnessed improvement in informational and operational efficiency of the foreign exchange market, this has happened at a halting pace. In the recent past, periods of exchange rate stability have bred complacency. The far-reaching changes in the Indian economy since liberalization in the early 1990s have had a deep impact on the Indian financial sector. Way forward, in the current formative phase of the development of the foreign exchange market, as we take a closer look at the initiatives taken by corporate enterprises, it would be worthwhile to provide indicative recommendations on the way forward: Make informed hedging decisions: The.
The development in the Indian foreign exchange (FX) derivatives market should be seen along with the steps taken to gradually reform the Indian financial markets. The reforms provided the economic rationale for the introduction of foreign exchange (FX) derivatives and risk management since then has under gone a paradigm shift. The problem is accentuated by the fact that in the Indian context the market for derivatives in India other than forward contracts is very shallow. A dynamic foreign exchange market provides businesses with a spectrum of hedging products for effectively managing their foreign exchange risk exposures. They should also endeavour to merge their money market and FX operation and treat it as a separate profit centre for better efficiency.
In addition to the traditional physical products, such as spot and forward exchange rates, the new synthetic or derivative products, including options, futures and swaps, and their use by the corporate sector should be considered prudently. By entering into forward contracts (FC) with banks, which have been the Authorized Dealers (AD) in foreign exchange Market in India. Introduction, india is now a well-integrated with the world economy and moves in tandem with global developments, both on the economic front as well on the currency front. Need for a dynamic foreign exchange (FX) market in India.
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Introduce use new products: Corporations are also advised to consider going for various new derivatives that are flexible and cost effective. The limited use and general lack of interest in the available instruments can be explained by the fact that dependence on max trading system forex factory external sources of funding was limited and the external sector wasnt really developed. The hedging decisions should be backed by professional treasurers, an efficient back office and good forecasting techniques. The resultant spurts in foreign investments led to substantial increase in the quantum of inflows and outflows in different currencies, with varying maturities. Nevertheless, new financial derivatives have been allowed in the market to provide for exposures arising out of increased business activity in the external sector. India Inc today has reached the scale and size of the global order and several Indian organizations are today world leaders in their respective industries. Due to the generic corporate reluctance, lack of information technology and consideration of hedging as unwanted cost centres, companies involved in hedging have mostly gone the conservative way to hedge their exposures,.e. The focus of next generation regulation in domestic securities market should be on inclusive growth,.e. I do believe that the aforementioned steps if implemented can definitely make the FX market deep and vibrant, which will make the working of the corporate sector easier in dealing with the currency exposure. These synthetic products have their market value determined by the value of a specific, underlying, physical product. As Indian businesses become more global in their approach coupled with globalization of trade and relative free movement of financial assets, risk management through a broad based active and liquid foreign exchange market has become a necessity in India. Whatever path the foreign exchange markets in India takes, it is necessary to keep it aligned with public policy objectives, as exchanges are the mechanism through which market capitalism survives.
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